Different patterns of Eczema, according to type (2)

Hello Dear readers. This is a continuation of the classifications of eczema. In my previous post, I mentioned there are 10 types. 3 have been discussed there ,the atopic and the contact(irritant and allergic) eczema.

A short summary: Eczema and dermatitis are used interchangeably, this is because they mean the same thing, that is inflammation of the skin.

Atopic eczema is genetic while contact both irritant and allergic) dermatitis manifests due to contact with chemicals, nickel, etc.

Now, to the rest of the classification

Photosensitive

The rashes appear on exposed areas to sunlight, like the V-neck area of the chest, the back of hands. It is secondary to UV damage of the skin.eczema

Use of Sunblock creams is recommended. Not only for the affected individuals but for everyone. Steroid ointments are also used for the treatment.

UV is used for therapy of skin diseases, it can also cause skin disease. Therefore, it is both harmful and therapeutic.

Asteatotic (means lack of oil/lipid, dry)

The pattern is similar to that of a plate, it looks cracked and has reddish areas . it occurs mostly in elderly people and in winter period. it is associated with drying of the skin due to overuse of soaps and  the weather.

Avoiding soaps, keeping the skin hydrated is important in this case. The use of humidifiers is very helpful to avoid drying of the skin due to the heating.

Seborrheic

This occurs secondary to overgrowth of a fungus called Malassezia furfur. The body’s immune response is what results in eczema.

eczema and itching
Itching In A Woman

When it develops in childhood, it is called  ‘cradle cap’. It does not come with itching, so the child is not disturbed by it. The better news is it goes away within a few weeks.

In young adults, especially males it is widespread on the body. The rash is scaly and red and it can manifest anywhere on the body, including the genitals.

In old people , it is more severe.

It is treated mainly with steroid ointment, anti-fungal medication.

People with conditions like HIV are more affected.

Hand eczema

From the name, the eczema is confined to the hands and sometimes the feet.

When it develops….

  • On the Palms and sides of the fingers, they are blisters and are itchy.
  • On the palms, they are scaly, thickened and red(inflamed).
  • At the fingertips, the eczema is scaly and it peels.

Venous

This type of eczema is seen mostly in older people, especially women. it is observed on areas where the veins are stretched due to venous hypertension for a long period of time. It is mostly on the lower parts of the body.

venous eczema
The varicose veins on a legs of old woman

Discoid

This type may be confused with psoriasis, except it is not chronic/persistent. In other words, there is full recovery . There is usually an infection with a bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) that causes it.

Lichen simplex/Nodular prurigo (neurodermatitis)

They are both due to chronic itching, which leads to rubbing and scratching.

The pattern of lichen simplex is darkened, thickened and scaly areas, while that of nodular prurigo is bumpy skin, mixed sizes of rashes.

steroid cream for eczema
Illustration depicting a steroid cream treatment product arranged over white.

Treatment of all of the above conditions involves prevention of the causes, use of steroids (varying potencies and modes of application like ointments or pills) on the basic level. In situations where there is a bacterial or fungal infections, they have to be treated as well.

 

  • Source for both posts on Eczema, added a bit of my knowledge and I made it as simple as I could : Kumar and Clark’s Clinical medicine.

Thank You for reading.

xxx

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15 COMMENTS

  1. J | thenellybean | 4th Nov 17

    This is so informative, thank you! x

    https://thenellybean.com

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 4th Nov 17

      Thank You Dear..glad it is

  2. Olivia Robins | 5th Nov 17

    such an insightful post as a eczema sufferer myself i am keen to keep it at bay xx

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 6th Nov 17

      It’s a good thing that there are effective remedies for it xxx

  3. Laura Dove | 5th Nov 17

    Eczema is something we are all too familiar with, my youngest has severe eczema, so bad he is under a consultant and in a great deal of pain with it. It breaks my heart.

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 6th Nov 17

      It quite is..I wish him a quick recovery. You will be fine xxx

  4. Newcastle Family Life | 6th Nov 17

    My daughter has eczema, thankfully it has got a lot better as she has got older. x

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 6th Nov 17

      I am glad to hear that. Usually this type goes away as one gets older .Thank you for reading xxx

  5. kerry norris | 6th Nov 17

    Such a helpful post. I enjoyed reading your other one too. ,my littlest suffers quite badly with eczema

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 6th Nov 17

      awww..thank You Kerry. Don’t worry, it will subside soon..

  6. MudpieFridays (@MudpieFridays) | 6th Nov 17

    I use to suffer as a teenager and my eldest suffers now. So its good to understand that there are so many different types. it will hopefully help us to to minimise it x

    • Nafisah Nuhu-koko | 6th Nov 17

      Yes that is true, thank You so much for stopping by xx

  7. Beth @ BethinaBox.com | 7th Nov 17

    I have two children who have suffered with severe eczema. My 3 year old has patches. It always tends to look similar to ringworm. but it most definitely isn’t.

  8. Christy B | 8th Nov 17

    A friend of mine had hand eczema and he was quite embarrassed by it

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