Eczema is one of the very common skin conditions. Another word for it is Dermatitis ( Derma means skin, titis is inflammation).
About 1 in 3 people have had one episode in their lives. Some have to manage it through out, because it has remissions and exacerbation (flare-ups).
There are 10 classifications for it. The classes are based mainly on their varying features, and Slightly on the type of the treatment.
In this post I will talk about 2 common ones, and the remaining will be explained in the next post.
About 5% of the UK population suffer from this condition.
People with this type have ‘atopy’,this means that It runs in the same family.
Two more disorders are seen alongside the eczema , these are asthma and hay fever.
Causes of exacerbations include infections, strong detergents, chemicals, cat and dog fur. In children and infants, dairy products, teething may exacerbate eczema.
It usually manifests on inner parts of joints(flexures), such as elbows,ankles, behind the knees and around the neck. The rashes look scaly, red(inflamed) and are very itchy. At the beginning of flare-ups, these rashes produce a fluid substance.
In addition, people with dark skin may have this type of eczema on the outer part of the mentioned joints above, that is the knees, elbows and ankles and the rashes are bigger in size and thickening of the skin may be seen.
Also, with resolution of the eczema, either darkening or whitening of the skin is seen before the colour goes back to normal.
This type is very similar to the atopic dermatitis except it is not genetic.
Furthermore, the reaction is seen in an odd part of the body such as around the neck, secondary to wearing a nickel necklace. The causes are mainly environmental/external.
For allergic contact eczema, examples of causes are nickel(in jewelleries and buckles), cement, latex, perfume, clothes and plants.
Irritant contact dermatitis occurs with exposure to chemicals in detergents, soaps, bleach. Cleaners, hairdressers, mechanics , nurses, stay-at-home wives are commonly affected.
Treatment is mostly preventive. This includes avoiding those substances that cause the inflammation. In addition, changing jobs and hobbies may be required.
Stay healthy and Thank You for reading.